National flag graphic of the nation of china

Chengdu J-10 "Vigorous Dragon"

Lightweight Multirole Fighter

All-Modern Chinese Fighter Solution.

Showcasing a resemblance to the abandoned Israeli 'Lavi', the Chinese-originated J-10 from Chengdu is a mainstay of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF), numbering in the hundreds for the powerful air arm. The aircraft exudes impressive performance through its Russian turbofan engine offering reheat capability and the delta-wing planform with canard surfaces provide the fighter with excellent maneuverability. Upgrades and modernization have only served to improve the inherent value of the J-10 in Chinese service to the point that over 400 of the type have been built to date.
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Mission Roles

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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.


All-Weather, Multirole

At the heart of the J-10's success is its ability to mount a plethora of in-service Chinese air-launched and air-dropped ordnance across multiple hardpoints in the A2A or A2G roles.

Single- or Twin-Seat Models

The J-10's versatility is shown through its ability to be flown in its original single-seat form or the optional twin-seat model. The latter offers a combat-capable training platform for up-and-coming airmen.

Afterburning Power

The single-engine nature of the J-10 allows for a lightweight design but this does not hinder power and performance - with up to 28,000lb of thrust offered by the Russian-originated Saturn-Lyulka AL-31FN powerplant.

Lessons Learned

The J-10 is the product of decades of Soviet aircraft usage and production - refined by way of all-moving canards, some inherent stealth qualities, and a powerful seeking/tracking fire control radar in the nose.


Active, In-Service (18 yrs)
Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group (CAIG) - China
550 Units
2 Total

National flag graphic of ChinaNational flag graphic of Pakistan

China; Pakistan

(List includes former, current, and potential operating nations)
J-10A: 1 x Saturn-Lyulka AL-31FN afterburning turbofan engine developing 17,860lb thrust dry and 28,000lb of thrust with reheat.

(Assuming optimal flying/environmental conditions)
Maximum Speed
1,687 mph | 2,715 kph | 1,466 kts
Service Ceiling
59,055 ft | 18,000 m | 11.18 miles
Operational Range
777 miles | 1,250 km | 675 nm
(Showcased performance statistics pertain to the J-10A production model)
53.97 feet (16.45 meters)
31.99 feet (9.75 meters)
17.88 feet (5.45 meters)
(Showcased measurements pertain to the J-10A production model)
21,495 lb (9,750 kg)
42,494 lb (19,275 kg)
(Showcased weights pertain to the J-10A production model)
Ordnance and special-mission equipment mounted at 1 x Centerline hardpoint and 6 x Underwing (3 per wing) hardpoints. Centerline and wingroot stations plumbed for fuel delivery from jettisonable fuel tanks. Supported Types:

Close-in Cannon graphic Close-in Gun(s)
Air-to-Air Missile graphic Air-to-Air Missiles
Air-to-Surface Missile graphic Air-to-Surface Missiles
Precision-Guided Bomb graphic Precision-Guided Bombs
Conventional Drop Bomb graphic Conventional Drop Bombs
Attack Rocket graphic Rockets / Rocket Pods
Additional Fuel Tank graphic Additional Fuel
J-10 'Vigorous Dragon' (Firebird) - Base Series Designation; NATO codename.
J-10A - Initial single-seat multirole production variant.
J-10B ('Super 10') - Modernized J-10A production model of 2008; AL-31FN-M1 afterburning turbofan engine; diverterless inlet intake design; AESA radar fit; Electro-Optical (EO) sensor; all-new Electronic CounterMeasures (ECM) pod design.
J-10B TVC - Technology demonstrator; WS-10B engine with thrust-vectoring for increased agility.
J-10C - Upgraded J-10B production model; new AESA radar; upgraded weapons support for new-generation Chinese missiles.
J-10S - Twin-seat trainer derivative of J-10A fighter form.
F-10A - Export designation of J-10A production model.
FC-20 - Export designation covering single-seat multirole model.

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