National flag graphic of the nation of czech

Aero L-39 "Albatros"

Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Strike Aircraft

All-In-One Trainer / Attack Package.

Developed during the Cold War period, the Aero L-39 Albatros out of the former Czechoslovakia emerged to become one of the most successful Advanced Jet Trainers in the world. With the inherent capability to carry armament, and nearly 3,000 units produced from 1971 until 1996 for global consumption, the series went on to stock the air services of high-level and low-level defense powers including the Soviet Union, Egypt, North Korea, and Syria. More modern forms of this same aircraft include the L-39 "Super Albatros" and the L-159 ALCA. Despite its Cold War roots, the L-39 continues to fly in number today.
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Mission Roles

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Flying Classroom or Attack Platform

The inherent versatility in the L-39 design is apparent as the platform can serve students and instructors as a critical flying tool or be armed to attack enemy elements.

Simplicity in Design

The sheer simplicity of the L-39 platform shines through with its basic cockpit instrumentation, systems operation, and Ivchenko AI-25Tl turbofan engine - meaning that most any air service can operate the type in number.

Proven Warrior

Beyond its appearance at various global air shows, the L-39 series has been proven through a series of conflicts where its ordnance-carrying and delivery capabilities have been put to good use. This includes time over Afghanistan, Chechnya, Iraq, Libya, and Syria.

Global Success Story

The story of the L-39 continues to be written today as operating forces are relatively considerable - from Afghanistan and Algeria to Vietnam and Yemen. No part of the world remains untouched from the reach of the successful L-39 series.


Active, In-Service (52 yrs)
Aero Vodochody - Czechia / Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia)
2,900 Units
43 Total

National flag graphic of AfghanistanNational flag graphic of AlgeriaNational flag graphic of AngolaNational flag graphic of ArmeniaNational flag graphic of AzerbaijanNational flag graphic of BangladeshNational flag graphic of BelarusNational flag graphic of BulgariaNational flag graphic of CambodiaNational flag graphic of CubaNational flag graphic of CzechiaNational flag graphic of EgyptNational flag graphic of EthiopiaNational flag graphic of FranceNational flag graphic of GeorgiaNational flag graphic of GhanaNational flag graphic of GuineaNational flag graphic of IraqNational flag graphic of KyrgyzstanNational flag graphic of LibyaNational flag graphic of MozambiqueNational flag graphic of NigeriaNational flag graphic of North KoreaNational flag graphic of RomaniaNational flag graphic of RussiaNational flag graphic of SlovakiaNational flag graphic of SudanNational flag graphic of SyriaNational flag graphic of ThailandNational flag graphic of TurkmenistanNational flag graphic of UgandaNational flag graphic of UkraineNational flag graphic of the United StatesNational flag graphic of VietnamNational flag graphic of Yemen

Afghanistan; Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Bulgaria; Cambodia; Cuba; Czech Republic; East Germany; Egypt; Equatorial New Guinea; Estonia; Ethiopia; France (aerobatics); Georgia; Ghana; Iraq; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Libya; Lithuania; Latvia (aerobatics); Mozambique; Nigeria; North Korea; Romania; Russia; Slovakia; South Sudan; Syria; Tajikistan; Thailand; Tunisia; Turkmenistan; Uganda; Ukraine; United States (private ownership, aerobatics); Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Yemen

(List includes former, current, and potential operating nations)
L-39C: 1 x Ivchenko AI-25TL non-afterburning turbofan engine developing 3,790lb of thrust.

(Assuming optimal flying/environmental conditions)
Maximum Speed
466 mph | 750 kph | 405 kts
Service Ceiling
36,089 ft | 11,000 m | 6.84 miles
Operational Range
684 miles | 1,100 km | 594 nm
4,100 ft/min | 1,250 m/min
(Showcased performance statistics pertain to the L-39C production model)
39.86 feet (12.15 meters)
31.00 feet (9.45 meters)
15.58 feet (4.75 meters)
(Showcased measurements pertain to the L-39C production model)
7,617 lb (3,455 kg)
10,362 lb (4,700 kg)
(Showcased weights pertain to the L-39C production model)
2 x Underwing hardpoints supporting up to 626lb of air-dropped ordnance (conventional drop bombs). Gun pack can also be fitted under the forward fuselage for strafing attacks. Supported Types:

Automatic Cannon graphic Automatic Cannon(s)
Air-to-Air Missile graphic Air-to-Air Missiles
Conventional Drop Bomb graphic Conventional Drop Bombs
Attack Rocket graphic Rockets / Rocket Pods
Additional Fuel Tank graphic Additional Fuel
L-39 "Albatros" - Base Series Designation.
L-39X-01 / X-07 - Prototype examples; five units.
L-39C - Twin-seat trainer form; 2,260 examples completed.
L-39CM - Modernized twin-seat trainer form.
L-39M1 - Upgraded L-39C for Ukrainian Air Force; model of 2009.
L-39V - Single-seat target tug form; nine examples completed.
L-39ZO - Export weapons trainer variant.
L-39ZA - Upgraded L-39ZO; reinforced undercarriage; increased ordnance-carrying to 2,845lb; 23mm GSh-23L gun pod capability under forward fuselage; Air-to-Air Missile (AAM) capable.
L-39ZAM - Upgraded Slovakian L-39ZA variant.
L-39ZA/ART - Thai export variant with Israeli Elbit avionics set; 40 examples completed.
L-39MS (L-59) - Advanced trainer form of 1986 with reinforced fuselage and lengthened nose assembly; modernized cockpit and avionics; higher-rated Lotarev DV-2 engine; becoming the L-59 production model.
L-39NG ("Next Generation") - Advanced L-39 form of 2018; upgraded with Williams FJ44 turbofan engine; improvements throughout.
L-139 "Albatros 2000" - Proposed single prototype example for export market; completed with Western avionics fit and Garrett TFE731-4-1T engine.
L-159 - Modernized L-39 with Western avionics set and Honeywell / ITEC F124 turbofan engine.

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