×
Aircraft Army Navy
National flag graphic of the nation of united-kingdom

Supermarine "Spitfire"


Fighter / Interceptor

Beautiful. Elegant. Deadly.



The Supermarine Spitfire is remembered by World War 2 history as one of the best fighters in the war and, in aviation circles, as one of the best designs of all time. The aircraft starred alongside the Hawker Hurricane to defeat the German Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain (1940) and proved more than a handful to its Axis-aligned enemies as the war years went on. Before the end of the war in 1945, the Spitfire would reach all new heights thanks to constant revision of the base design - even a navalized form was realized. The aircraft was produced to the tune of some 20,351 units and the type served beyond British territories with operators in Australia, Canada, the United States, and in post-World War 2 Israel (among others).
Image of spitfire-fighter-flyby-cannon-armed.jpg


1
CREW
Speed
373
MPH
Ceiling
36,499
FEET
Range
1,137
MILES


Image of spitfire-secondary.png

Mission Roles



AIR-TO-AIR
INTERCEPTION
GROUND ATTACK
STRIKE
CLOSE SUPPORT
RECON
TRAINING
EXPERIMENTAL
Image of supermarine-spitfire-flyby-silver-scheme-portside-view.jpg


Gallery



1 / 5
Image from the U.S. DoD DVIDS imagery database; Public Release.
2 / 5
Image Copyright www.AnvilOfWar.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
3 / 5
Image Copyright www.AnvilOfWar.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
4 / 5
Image Copyright www.AnvilOfWar.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
5 / 5
Image Copyright www.AnvilOfWar.com; No Reproduction Permitted.





Qualities





It's All In the Wings



The Spitfire's elliptical wing planform made it unique among the classic fighters of the World War 2 period. A 'clipped' wings higher-performance version was also realized before the end of the conflict.


Prop Evolution



Very early-form Spitfire models carried a simple two-bladed propeller unit at their noses. This eventually gave way to the more efficient - and iconic - three-bladed version which was further evolved into four- and five-bladed forms and contra-rotating types before the end.


Whatever Was Asked



The inherent versatility of the Spitfire design shown through for it covered many battlefield roles at low, medium, or high altitudes depending on Mark. This went on to include air-to-air, interception, ground attack, reconnaissance, and training. Even a navalized variant, the 'Seafire', was utilized for a time.


Beyond the War



Like other wartime platforms, the Spitfire held enough value to compete in the ensuing Cold War period where excellence continued to show through with air services like the newly-founded Israeli Air Force.


Specifications



Year:
1938
Status
Retired, Out-of-Service (82 yrs)
Manufacturer(s)
Supermarine - UK
Production
20,351 Units
36 Total

National flag graphic of ArgentinaNational flag graphic of AustraliaNational flag graphic of BelgiumNational flag graphic of CanadaNational flag graphic of ChinaNational flag graphic of CzechoslovakiaNational flag graphic of DenmarkNational flag graphic of EgyptNational flag graphic of FranceNational flag graphic of GreeceNational flag graphic of Hong KongNational flag graphic of IndiaNational flag graphic of IndonesiaNational flag graphic of IsraelNational flag graphic of ItalyNational flag graphic of the Kingdom of ItalyNational flag graphic of MyanmarNational flag graphic of The NetherlandsNational flag graphic of New ZealandNational flag graphic of NorwayNational flag graphic of PakistanNational flag graphic of PolandNational flag graphic of PortugalNational flag graphic of RhodesiaNational flag graphic of South AfricaNational flag graphic of the Soviet UnionNational flag graphic of SwedenNational flag graphic of SyriaNational flag graphic of Taiwan (Republic of China)National flag graphic of ThailandNational flag graphic of TurkeyNational flag graphic of the United KingdomNational flag graphic of the United StatesNational flag graphic of Yugoslavia

Argentina (testing only); Australia; Belgium; Burma (Myanmar); Canada; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; Egypt; France (also Free French); Greece; Hong Kong; India (Union of); Indian Empire; Indonesia; Ireland; Israel; Kingdom of Italy; Italy (Modern); Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Pakistan; Poland; Portugal; Rhodesia; South Africa; Soviet Union; Sweden; Syria; Taiwan (Republic of China); Thailand; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States; Yugoslavia

(List includes former, current, and potential operating nations)
Spitfire Mk.VB: 1 x Rolls-Royce Merlin 45 supercharged V-12 inline piston engine developing 1,470 horsepower driving a three-bladed propeller unit at the nose (later Spitfires equipped with four-bladed propeller units).

(Assuming optimal flying/environmental conditions)
Maximum Speed
373 mph | 600 kph | 324 kts
Service Ceiling
36,499 ft | 11,125 m | 6.91 miles
Operational Range
1,137 miles | 1,830 km | 988 nm
Rate-of-Climb
2,600 ft/min | 792 m/min
(Showcased performance statistics pertain to the Spitfire Mk.VB production model)
Length
29.92 feet (9.12 meters)
Width
36.84 feet (11.23 meters)
Height
12.63 feet (3.85 meters)
(Showcased measurements pertain to the Spitfire Mk.VB production model)
Empty
5,071 lb (2,300 kg)
M.T.O.W.
6,702 lb (3,040 kg)
(Showcased weights pertain to the Spitfire Mk.VB production model)
Dependent upon wing type fitted:

A Wing - 8 x .303" Browning Mk II* machine guns.
B Wing - 2 x 20mm Hispano Mk II automatic cannons with 4 x .303" Browning Mk II* machine guns.
C Wing - 4 x 20mm Hispano Mk II automatic cannons.
C Wing (Alternative) - 2 x 20mm Hispano Mk II automatic cannons with 4 x .303" Browning Mk II* machine guns.
E Wing - 2 x 20mm Hispano Mk II automatic cannons with 2 x 0.50 caliber Browning M2 Heavy Machine Guns (HMGs).

AMMUNITION:
A Wing: 350 x .303" ammunition (per gun).
B Wing: 60 x 20mm projectiles; 350 .303" ammunition (per gun).
C Wing: 120 x 20mm projectiles (per gun).
C Wing (Alt.): 120 x 20mm projectiles; 350 x .303" ammunition (per gun).
E Wing: 120 x 20mm projectiles; 250 x 0.50 cal ammunition (per gun)

BOMBS/ROCKETS:
Conventional drop bombs carried at fuselage centerline as well as inboard underwing hardpoints. Also rockets for ground attack supported under wings. Supported Types:




Machine Gun graphic Machine Gun(s)
Automatic Cannon graphic Automatic Cannon(s)
Conventional Drop Bomb graphic Conventional Drop Bombs
Attack Rocket graphic Rockets / Rocket Pods
Additional Fuel Tank graphic Additional Fuel
'Spitfire' - Base Series Name.
Spitfire Mk.1 - Initial production mark with wooden twin-bladed propeller unit, unblown canopy design with wraparound windscreen and sans cockpit class plating; machine gun armament; Merlin engine.
Spitfire Mk.Ia - Retroactive redesignation of Mk.I machine gun-armed models.
Spitfire Mk.IB - 20mm cannon armament; Merlin engines.
Spitfire Mk.I PR (Type A) - Reconnaissance model with 2 x F24 cameras fitted; heating equipment
Spitfire Mk.I PR (Type B) - F24 cameras with increased focal length (203mm); sans bullet-resistant windscreen; Merlin XII engine.
Spitfire Mk.I PR (Type C) - 29gal fuel tank (internal); increased oil reserve; revised nose section; longer endurance reconnaissance model.
Spitfire Mk.I PR (Type D) - Dedicated long-range reconnaissance variant; 'wet' wings for fuel carrying for increased operational ranges; additional oil reserves; F24 camera equipment.
Spitfire PR.Mk IV - Sans rear fuselage fuel tank in favor of larger leading edge tank reserves; improved balance and handling; heated cockpit; Merlin 45 engine; 229 examples completed.
Spitfire Mk.I PR (Type E) - F24 camera under each wing member aimed downwards for oblique viewing; 29gal fuel tank in rear fuselage.
Spitfire Mk.I PR (Type F) - Extreme long-range reconnaissance variant; 30gal fuel tank under each wing and in rear fuselage; increased oil reserves.
Spitfire Mk.I PR (Type G) - Fighter-Reconnaissance form; single F24 camera to port side; twin F24 cameras alogn fuselage; 29gal fuel tank behind pilot; Merlin 45 engine; armored windscreen; 8 x .303 machine gun armament.
Spitfire PR.MK III - 1941 redesignation of Type C.
Spitfire PR.Mk IV - 1941 redesignation of Type D.
Spitfire PR.Mk V - 1941 redesignation of Type E.
Spitfire PR.Mk VI - 1941 redesignation of Type F.
Spitfire PR.Mk VII - 1941 redesignation of Type G.
'Speed Spitfire' - Specially-modified Spitfire for world record flying.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


Products, related trademarks, and imagery are property of their respective owners. Images with the AnvilOfWar.com watermark are property of www.AnvilOfWar.com and licensed for reuse from www.MilitaryFactory.com. Images not containing the watermark are assumed to be in the Public Domain (U.S. DoD, British DoD, Russian MoD, China MoD). The information contained herein is provided for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as useable for hardware operation, restoration, or maintenance. AnvilOfWar.com does not sell or resell any of the products showcased on its website nor is the site endorsed by any government agency, institution, or politcal party. Consult original manufacturers or licensed sellers / resellers for procurement information. Direct all site-related inquiries to AnvilOfWarCom AT gmail.com.

www.AnvilOfWar.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2019-