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Vickers A41 "Centurion"


Main Battle Tank (MBT)

Rewriting the Battlefield Formula.



The Centurion Main Battle Tank (MBT) was the culimination of tank design that evolved considerably during the fighting of World War 2. The arrival of this powerful machine rewrote the field of armored warfare and ushered in a modern approach to a decades-old battlefield approach. Total production reached 4,423 units during a stellar post-World War 2 run that began in 1946 and included no fewer than nineteen total global operators. Beyond this, a myriad of conversions from the base design were ultimately had, making the Centurion series one of the most successful tank designs of all time. The series remains in limited use today, a testament to its excellent design, through conversions and modifications to suit more modern roles.


4
CREW
Speed
22
MPH
Range
50
MILES


Mission Roles



FRONTLINE
TANK-VS-TANK
ANTI-AIRCRAFT
ENGINEERING
TRAINING


Gallery



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Qualities





Power From Within



Centurion marks came to be powered by a Rolls-Royce 'Meteor' engine outputting 650 horsepower and mated to a Merritt-Brown Z51R Mk.F transmission system offering five total speeds. This supplied the vehicle with a top road speed of up to 22 miles-per-hour and a range out to 50 miles - serviceable for the time.


Stellar Design



The Centurion tank refined all that was learned during the tank-versus-tank fighting of World War 2, complete with side skirt armor, a low profile, stout armor protection, and a tank-killing main gun. This 'complete package' approach allowed the tank to become the first of its kind.


Progressive Updates



The Centurion series saw a long-running period of progressive updates to the basic, post-war design that included enhanced survivability and greater firepower. Before the end, the series could effectively contend with designs emerging from the enemy Soviet Union.


Strength In Numbers



With production surpassing 4,400 individual units, the Centurion series saw operational service - and combat exposure - all over the globe across its decades of service. Its sound design made it one of the best of its kind - and versatile to the extreme.


Specifications



Year:
1946
Status
Active, Limited Service (74 yrs)
Manufacturer(s)
Leyland Motors / Vickers / Royal ordnance Factory - UK
Production
4,423 Units
19 Total

National flag graphic of AustraliaNational flag graphic of AustriaNational flag graphic of CanadaNational flag graphic of DenmarkNational flag graphic of EgyptNational flag graphic of IndiaNational flag graphic of IraqNational flag graphic of IsraelNational flag graphic of JordanNational flag graphic of KuwaitNational flag graphic of LebanonNational flag graphic of The NetherlandsNational flag graphic of New ZealandNational flag graphic of SingaporeNational flag graphic of SomaliaNational flag graphic of South AfricaNational flag graphic of SwedenNational flag graphic of SwitzerlandNational flag graphic of the United Kingdom

Australia; Austria; Canada; Denmark; Egypt; India; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Kuwait; Lebanon; Netherlands; New Zealand; Singapore; Somalia; South Africa; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom

(List includes former, current, and potential operating nations)
Mk.2/Mk.3: 1 x Rolls-Royce Meteor engine developing 650 horsepower driving a conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.

(Assuming optimal operating conditions)
Road Speed
22 mph | 35 kph | 19 kts
Range
50 miles | 80 km | 43 nm
(Showcased performance statistics pertain to the Mk.2/Mk.3 production model)
Length
32.15 feet (9.80 meters)
Width
11.09 feet (3.38 meters)
Height
9.84 feet (3.00 meters)
(Showcased measurements pertain to the Mk.2/Mk.3 production model)
Standard
114,243 lb
(51,820 kg; 57.1 tons)
(Showcased weights pertain to the Mk.2/Mk.3 production model)
ORIGINAL:
The original Centurion offering fielded a 17-pounder (76.2mm) main gun along with a 20mm Polsten co-axial automatic cannon in the front turret face. This also included 12 smoke grenade dischargers in two banks of six grenades each.

LATER:
Later operational models of the tank integrated a 20-pounder (84mm) main gun along with a co-axially-mounted 7.62mm BESA tank machine gun. In addition to this, the vehicle carried an optional 7.62mm machine gun at the commander's cupola. The 2x6 Smoke grenade dischargers were retained.

FINAL:
Final versions implemented a more powerful, all-modern 105mm L7 rifled main gun into the turret, retaining the co-axial and commander's 7.62mm machine guns. A single 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun was now fitted at the loader's hatch to provide a heftier punch against low-flying threats and light-armored vehicles. The 2x6 Smoke grenade dischargers were retained.

AMMUNITION (with 105mm main gun):
64 x 105mm projectiles.
600 x 12.7mm ammunition.
4,750 x 7.62mm ammunition.
12 x Smoke grenades.




Tank Shells graphic Tank Gun
Heavy Machine Gun graphic Heavy Machine Gun(s)
Medium Machine Gun graphic Medium Machine Gun(s)
Smoke poofs graphic Smoke Generator

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