General Dynamics M1 "Abrams"

Main Battle Tank (MBT)

Battle-Tested Cold War Warrior.

The M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank (MBT) became a product of Cold War design, developed during the 1970s and in response to the aborted American-West German 'MBT-70' initiative. The Abrams was adopted to succeed an aging line of M60 (Patton) MBTs as the frontline tank of the United States land forces - including the USMC - and went on to become a stellar success, particularly in actions concerning the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The M1 continues in service today - with no replacement in sight.


Mission Roles



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Image from the US DoD DVIDS imagery database; released to the public.
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Image from the US DoD DVIDS imagery database; released to the public.
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Image from the US DoD DVIDS imagery database; released to the public.


Ranged Firepower

The 120mm smoothbore main gun, of West German origin (by Rheinmetall), gives the Abrams excellent tank-killing firepower at range. Onboard assistants provide a much-needed firing on-the-move capability to give the tank a high degree of first-shot, first-kill.

Maximum Protection

Base armor and add-on armor blocks, coupled with enhanced situational awareness, inherent agility, outstanding speed, and a smoke-generating capability give the Abrams crew an edge in contested zones.

Excellent Performance

Cadillac-like speed through sheer power of a turbine engine propels the Abrams from Point A to Point B. Its track-and-wheel running gear arrangement allow for easy transition between onroad-offroad actions, giving the tank the ability to meet the enemy wherever it waits.

Go-Anywhere Capability

Born to lead, the Abrams is the spearhead of the United States' land forces attack arm, capable of operating in any environment and under most any condition including temperate, desert, and arctic.


Active, In-Service (44 yrs)
Chrysler Defense - USA / General Dynamics Land Systems - USA
10,288 Units
7 Total

National flag graphic of AustraliaNational flag graphic of EgyptNational flag graphic of IraqNational flag graphic of KuwaitNational flag graphic of MoroccoNational flag graphic of Saudi ArabiaNational flag graphic of the United States

Australia; Egypt; Iraq; Kuwait; Morocco; Saudi Arabia; United States

(List includes former, current, and potential operating nations)
M1A2: 1 x Honeywell AGT1500C multi-fueled turbine engine developing 1,500 horsepower driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.

(Assuming optimal operating conditions)
Road Speed
42 mph | 67 kph | 36 kts
264 miles | 425 km | 229 nm
(Showcased performance statistics pertain to the M1A2 production model)
32.05 feet (9.77 meters)
11.98 feet (3.65 meters)
8.04 feet (2.45 meters)
(Showcased measurements pertain to the M1A2 production model)
156,969 lb
(71,200 kg; 78.5 tons)
(Showcased weights pertain to the M1A2 production model)
1 x 120mm M256A1 L/44 main gun in turret face (42 x 120mm projectiles).
1 x 7.62mm M240 Medium Machine Gun (MMG) in co-axial mounting in turret face.
1 x 7.62mm M240 MMG at loader's hatch on turret roof.
6 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers in two banks of six launchers to either side of the turret.

1 x 12.7mm Browning M2HB Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) (anti-vehicle/anti-aircraft).

42 x 120mm projectiles.
900 x 12.7mm ammunition.
10,400 x 7.62mm ammunition.
12 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers (2 x Banks of six launchers each).

Tank Shells graphic Tank Gun
Heavy Machine Gun graphic Heavy Machine Gun(s)
Medium Machine Gun graphic Medium Machine Gun(s)
Smoke poofs graphic Smoke Generator
XM1-FSED - Developmental designation.
M1 - Initial production mark of 1979.
M1IP - "Improved Perfomance" model of 1984.
M1A1 - Revised production mark of 1985.
M1A1HA - "Heavy Armor" variant.
M1A1HC - "Heavy Common" variant.
M1A1D - "Digital" variant.
M1A1 AIM v.1 - "Abrams Integrated Management" variant version 1.
M1A1 AIM v.2 - "Abrams Integrated Management" variant version 2.
M1A1 SA - "Situational Awareness" variant.
M1A1 FEP - "Firepower Enhancement Package" variant.
M1A1KVT - "Krasnovian Variant Tank"; OPFOR training model.
M1A1M - "Iraqi Army export model.
M1A1 AIDATS - Upgraded USMC models.
M1A2 - Modernized production variant of 1986.
M1A2 SEP - "System Enhancement Package" variant.
M1A2S - Saudi Army export model; modernized to M1A2 models to M1A2 SEP standard.
M1A2 SEPv2
M1A3 - Developmental model of 2014.
M1 TTB - "Tank Test Bed" model.
CATTB - "Component Advanced Technology Test Bed" model.
M1 "Thumper" - Experimental MBT developed by Lockheed Martin.
M1 AGDS - Proposed self-propelled air defense variant.
M1 "Grizzly" - Proposed Combat Mobility Vehicle (CMV) offshoot.
M1 "Panther II" - Remote-controlled mine-clearing armored vehicle; sans turret structure.
M104 "Wolverine" - Heavy Assault Bridge (HAB) variant.
M1074 Joint Assault Bridge (JAB) - Dedicated bridgelayer vehicle (scissors-type extending ccomponent).
M1150 Assault Breacher Vehicle (ABV) - USMC breaching vehicle.
M1 ARV - Armored Recovery Vehicle; single prototype.

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