Uralvagonzavod T-90

Main Battle Tank (MBT)

The Soviet-era T-72 - Perfected.

The original T-72 MBT became an iconic armored vehicle of the Soviet Union and its allies during the Cold War period with over 25,000 units produced. It was only natural to evolve this design, while incorporating key features of the subsequent T-80 MBT, to produce an all-new, modern fighting machine in the T-90. The 51-ton T-90 design sports a proven and powerful 125mm smoothbore main gun, steal-composite-reactive armor, and can reach road speeds nearing 40 miles-per-hour. Over 3,200 units have been built to date and the type stands as the primary MBT of Russian ground forces.


Mission Roles



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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense; Public Release.


Multi-Faceted Main Gun

The main gun of the T-90 is the 125mm 2A46M, 2A46M-2 or 2A82 series smoothbore weapon afforded up 43 projectiles. It features an auto-loading function that reduces the crew to three personnel and provides stabilized accuracy for firing on-the-move. Few tanks on the battlefields today can match the inherent firepower of this vehicle.

Focus on Protection

A tank is no better than the crew within so survivability becomes critical to the function of the machine. As such, the T-90 is shrouded in a steel-composite-reactive armor blend which provides considerable protection against modern threats including ATGMs.

Power for the Role

The T-90 has been equipped with various engine types over its service life ranging from 840 horsepower to 1,130 horsepower output driving a conventional track-and-wheel arrangement. This, coupled with a proven torsion-bar suspension system, gives the vehicle excellent on-road and off-road performance, reaching speeds up to 37 miles-per-hour and ranges out to 340 miles (external drums can extend its reach).

Battlefield Veteran

The T-90 has already been committed to actions around the globe including the War of Dagestan (1999), the Syrian Civil War (2011-Present), and the War in Donbass (2014-Present). This has exposed the design to all manner of operating conditions and battlefield dangers, resulting in a more refined product ready to persist into the next decade.


Active, In-Service (31 yrs)
Uralvagonzavod - Russia
3,205 Units
10 Total

National flag graphic of AlgeriaNational flag graphic of ArmeniaNational flag graphic of AzerbaijanNational flag graphic of IndiaNational flag graphic of IraqNational flag graphic of RussiaNational flag graphic of SyriaNational flag graphic of TurkmenistanNational flag graphic of UgandaNational flag graphic of Vietnam

Algeria; Armenia; Azerbaijan; India; Iraq; Russia; Syria; Turkmenistan; Uganda; Vietnam

(List includes former, current, and potential operating nations)
T-90MS: 1 x V-92S2F 12-cylinder diesel-fueled engine developing between 840 horsepower and 1,130 horsepower to a conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.

(Assuming optimal operating conditions)
Road Speed
37 mph | 60 kph | 32 kts
342 miles | 550 km | 297 nm
(Showcased performance statistics pertain to the T-90MS production model)
31.59 feet (9.63 meters)
12.40 feet (3.78 meters)
7.28 feet (2.22 meters)
(Showcased measurements pertain to the T-90MS production model)
105,998 lb
(48,080 kg; 53.0 tons)
(Showcased weights pertain to the T-90MS production model)
1 x 125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore main gun fitted to the frontal face of the turret.
1 x 7.62mm PKMT machine gun is installed co-axially in the turret face as an anti-infantry/suppression measure.
8 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers are featured on the side turret face. These are used to help shield the vehicle as needed.

1 x 12.7mm Kord Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof at commander's batch; used to counter lightly-armed targets and low-flying threats (such as helicopters).

43 x 125mm projectiles.
500 x 12.7mm ammunition.
1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
8 x Smoke grenades.

Tank Shells graphic Tank Gun
Heavy Machine Gun graphic Heavy Machine Gun(s)
Medium Machine Gun graphic Medium Machine Gun(s)
Smoke poofs graphic Smoke Generator
T-90 - Base Series Designation; initial production variant of 1992-1993.
T-90K - Command Tank variant based in the T-90 model; fielded with expended communications / navigational suite.
T-90A - Improved variant; model of 2004; welded turret assembly; powered by V-92S2 series diesel engine.
T-90AK- Command Tank variant based in the T-90A model.
T-90AM - Modernized T-90A; revised turret structure; new 1,130 horsepower diesel engine, digital Fire Control System (FCS), automatic loader component; revised main gun (2A45M-5); Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) blocks (Relikt type); UDP T05BV-1 remotely-controlled 12.7mm gun station over roof; improved navigation.
T-90M - Modernized T-90A variant; model of 2018; 2A82-1M main gun; updated FCS; improved ERA protection; improved networking with newer T-14 MBT.
T-90S - Export variant; 1,000 horsepower diesel engine; Shtora-1 passive/reactive protection system; cast and welded turrets in various production lots.
T-90SK - Command Tank variant of the T-90S export platform.
T-90S 'Bhishma' - Local Indian Army modified T-90S effort.
T-90MS/T-90SM - Modernized T-90S; 1,130 horsepower diesel engine; updated gun equipment with upgraded thermal imager; remotely-operated turret machine gun system; improved navigation and communications; enhanced ERA protection; improved networking and situational awareness.

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